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Sunday, January 24, 2010

Project: Bluebird, and the UFO Program

By Bob Koford

By the time the Air Force had prepared to release Blue Book Special Report #14 for publication, which was originally completed on March 17, 1954, there were so many people standing in line to get a copy that it actually seemed to take them by surprise. These folks were made up of a sampling of just about every aspect of the more "enlightened" of our citizenry, which included military, Intelligence, Government, Science and Academia.

-A Page from a Draft of Report #14-


Why were these people so eager to read the Air Force's "final" report on UFOs? Because as harsh as it sounds, the Air Force had been caught out-right lying on so many occasions in the past, that these people were jaded, and had heard that this report would be different. They knew that IBM had assisted them in pulling together the data, and assumed it would be thorough. Like us common folk, they wanted, and expected, the real answers.

-an example of people's concerns, and actions-


Though the report was important, alas it was not as comprehensive as it was made to appear. This was, in large part, because several cases had already been mis-diagnosed, and been labled -prematurely- as Identified. An example of this was the Chiles-Whitted case of 1948. This case had been labled as being of meteoric origin previously, so that conclusion carried over into the final report. This would aide in bringing the total unknown count down, considerably. The total "Unknowns" count came out to be about 4%, but this was the percentage without the added statistic of "Insufficient Information", which would have raised it to something closer to 20%..a very clever ploy, indeed. While I was reviewing the documents pertaining to this report, I came across some information that could possibly paint a much darker picture of the whole affair.

On 27 January, 1956, Dr. Paul Fitts, one of the original specialists for Project: Grudge, wrote a letter to the Commander of the Air Technical Intelligence Center, at Wright Field, Ohio, Air Force Intelligence Office, asking for their authorization to borrow a copy of Special Report #14, to aide in a report he was working on at the time.

"Dear Sir," it began,"While I was head of the Psychology Branch, Aero Medical Laboratory, I reviewed some of the interview data from sightings of unidentified Aerial objects and prepared a report giving some psychological interpretations of these reports. Subsequently, about two years ago I served as a consultant to an Air Force contractor in connection with the preparation of a questionnaire to be used in collecting data on Project 'Bluebird'."

-view entire document here-


Critical in this bit of information is the fact that Project: Bluebird had birthed the now very well known, and now known to have become very abusive, mind-control experiments conducted under the umbrella of Project: MK ULTRA. Dr. Fitts is admitting that this 1949 program, Bluebird, was utilized, at least in part, for the UFO Program. The letter was penned in 1956, so when he said,"...about two years ago...an Air Force contractor" he was admitting that Bluebird, which was begun in 1949, was still operational in 1954.

According to Dr. Colin A. Ross, author of the book BLUEBIRD, it was the biginnings of the governments effort to "...create amnesia, new identites, hypnotic access codes, and new memories in the minds of experimental subjects". Gordon Thomas, in his 1989 book Journey Into Madness, wrote, "On July 20, 1950, the Agency (CIA) took its first practical step to test behavioral controls on humans."

Both Bluebird, and its predicessor CHATTER (Navy program 1947-1953 see Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_CHATTER ) emerged from Project Paperclip, the secret program to re-patriate several German Scientists into the United States. When Dr. Fitts wrote: "...a consultant to an Air Force contractor" was he referring to the CIA? It would seem logical, as the CIA was the principal agency behind Bluebird. Gordon Thomas wrote that he had heard that Project Bluebird was so named "when the director saw a bird soaring into the sky beyond his window." That director was first DCIA Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter.

[Be advised that my "pop-up blocker" blocked a pop-up when clicking on this link, but it contains a list, from a declassified document, via the FOIA, showing the exact requirements for Bluebird efforts:

http://www.examiner.com/x-6495-US-Intelligence-Examiner~y2009m7d4-CIA-behavior-modification-Project-Bluebird ]

According to Dr. Fitts, as per his letter to ATIC, in 1956, information on UFO witnesses was being used for project Bluebird. This troublesome connection between mind-control and the UFO witnesses needs to be explored much more, but I admit that my windows of opportunity are hit-and-miss, these days. This connection will be, and must be, exposed more completely. Maybe it is less of a connection than it appears. Maybe there is a good explanation to this connection with Project: Bluebird.

Time will tell.

9 comments:

  1. You considerate gentleman, you! Warning people of possible pop-ups. Bless you soul!

    Informative article, as always, Bob!


    Cheers,

    ~Deirdre

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  2. Many Thanks Deirdre! Thanks for reading, and taking the time to comment.

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  3. "While I was head of the Psychology Branch, Aero Medical Laboratory, I reviewed some of the interview data from sightings of unidentified Aerial objects and prepared a report giving some psychological interpretations of these reports. Subsequently, about two years ago I served as a consultant to an Air Force contractor in connection with the preparation of a questionnaire to be used in collecting data on Project 'Bluebird'." --Dr. Paul M. Fitts, 27 January 1956 letter

    The potential implications of this statement would seem rather disturbing, since Project "Bluebird" was a precursor of the CIA's various MK Ultra mind control and interrogation-related psychological and drug experimentation programs, for a variety of reasons--and Fitts did prepare a "CONFIDENTIAL" level classified report for the USAF/ATIC, as he notes in his letter:

    (See: http://bit.ly/bUvHnv for "Psychological Analysis of Reports of Unidentified Aerial Objects" by Paul Fitts of the USAF Aero Medical Laboratory, dated April 26, 1949)

    However, I suspect that Fitts made a rather inexplicable, somewhat stupid mistake in his 1956 letter to Captain Hardin, head of Project Blue Book at the time, under the Technical Intelligence Department/Air Technical Intelligence Center (TID/ATIC) at Wright-Patterson A.F.B., by citing Project "Bluebird"--he must have meant "Blue Book," since the contractor he refers to is the Battelle Memorial Institute, who helped develop, with input from Dr. J. Allen Hynek (who, technically, was under a consultant contract with Battelle under Project Stork to Blue Book) and others, the questionnaire used by Blue Book that is referred to here by Fitts.

    Fitts just wanted the IBM card data (Battelle just used IBM keypunch machines, but not direct assistance from IBM per se) derived from Battelle's analysis of USAF-supplied UFO reports to create PBB SR #14, in order to see if he came up with the same conclusions for use in a public article, such as for Science magazine, which ATIC decided was not appropriate, due to the question of proper credit.

    [See: http://bit.ly/9yeflf ]

    Gus Simpson from ATIC ran the Project Stork group at Battelle, which under a sub-contract of Stork, aided Blue Book with scientific expertise and research (such as resulted in PBB Special Report #14), even though Project Stork itself was a much bigger project [See: http://bit.ly/aBnh7M ] involved in analysis of recovered Soviet and East Bloc military aircraft and other related technologies and the translation of scientific literature from areas such as the Soviet Union for use by TID/ATIC in their intelligence and analysis functions.

    So, while it would seem on the singular basis of Fitts' mistaken reference to "Bluebird" that would suggest some connection of the USAF and Battelle with the CIA and their Bluebird/MK Ultra mind control projects, which would be quite alarming, as the implication might be manipulation of or covert experimentation on UFO witnesses, I really don't think that was or could be the case, as there is no evidence of Fitts being involved with either the CIA or MK Ultra related projects such as Bluebird, and I don't think there was any USAF tie-in with the real Bluebird or MK Ultra, either.

    It wouldn't make a whole lot of sense, as those were very closely held, covert projects of the CIA only revealed in the mid-1970's that as far as I know had nothing to do with USAF UFO investigations. I wonder if Fitts ever was told or belatedly realized what an incredible gaff it was to reference "Bluebird" as opposed to "Blue Book"?

    I can just hear the deceased Dr. H. Marshall Chadwell and ghastly Dr. Sidney Gottlieb laughing together somewhere in the ether... 8^}

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  4. Thanks for your insightful comment, and NICAP links.

    While it is very plausible, and I would consider all aspects with something this important, I had thought that if that were the case, he would have used the term GRUDGE, not Blue Book.

    Also, that would be quite a coincidental slip, having so many similar connections, as per both being involved with psychology.

    But you are most probably correct.

    I do, however, also notice that from this period onward, the USAF does begin to become very hostile towrds witnesses. You can see this most clearly in the documents authored by Captain Gregory Alexander.

    Thank You again for your important comments.

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  5. Due to blogger/blogspot’s limit of 4096 character for blog comments, I’ve had to break my follow-up comments into three parts, as follows:

    Part 1 of 3:

    "...I had thought that if that were the case, he would have used the term GRUDGE, not Blue Book."

    Well, no. You have to know some of the history and chronology of the various USAF UFO investigation projects noted here below for the answer to that:

    After Project Sign personnel in late 1949 sent the "Estimate of the Situation" report, which explained their reasons for concluding that the extraterrestrial hypothesis (ETH) was the best explanation for unidentified flying objects, up the chain of command, a finding which was eventually slapped down by General Hoyt Vandenberg, Chief-of-Staff of the U.S. Air Force, after a great deal of conflict and argument between pro- and anti-UFO factions within the higher echelons of USAF intelligence and command personnel within the Pentagon over Sign's conclusions, and Sign staff continued to stand by their report that the ETH was the most logical conclusion based on their about one year analysis of collected UFO reports, Vandenberg ordered the project to be shook up, and many Sign personnel were reassigned and others from the pro-UFO faction left the project, and Project Grudge was begun with an inherently dismissive anti-UFO bias.

    Ruppelt called this period the "Dark Ages," when efforts to dismiss, ignore, and deny the UFO phenomenon without serious, honest, or objective investigation or analysis were first made by the USAF, after Sign was shut down.

    By mid-1951, when Lt. Jerry Cummings was put in charge of Grudge, the project was basically moribund, and not investigating ufo reports, merely filing them away and Cummings superiors at ATIC were falling back on the old claims that the UFO phenomenon was solely based in misidentification, delusion, and hoax, not real or representative of any actual unknown phenomenon.

    Then a series of very serious UFO incidents occurred in 1951 which involved some very high-level military personnel, particularly the Ft. Monmouth case, and a U.S.General in Arabia who had witnessed two UFOs himself and reported it, and at a conference at the Pentagon to discuss what Project Grudge was doing to investigate, Lt. Cummings, shortly after being assigned to head Grudge, let the Director of Intelligence for the Air Force, Major General C.P. Cabell, know that Grudge was not doing its job or taking the UFO phenomenon seriously, and that Cummings was not receiving adequate funding, staffing, or support from his superiors at Wright Field to do proper investigations.

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  6. Part 2 of 3:

    Cabell angrily blew his stack and immediately set out to order changes. This shortly, by late 1951, resulted in Grudge being restructured and renamed Blue Book, and Captain Edward J. Ruppelt being assigned to head it up, which you might call a short “Renaissance” period while under Ruppelt from late 1951 until early 1953, until the late July 1952 “Washington Nationals” sightings occurred, which shook up the government from President Truman on down, and led to the CIA’s Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI) attempting to take over UFO investigations from the USAF, which failed due to USAF deception and misdirection, and which eventually led to the CIA-orchestrated Robertson Panel as “compensation” (OSI revenge?) by the CIA/OSI, that convened in mid-January of 1953.

    Sometime in early 1952 under Blue Book, ATIC contracted with Battelle to do a statistical study of UFO reports (which became PBB SR #14), and it was during this year within which the questionnaire Fitts assisted Battelle in developing was created and used in follow-up interviews with both civilian and military witnesses to UFO incidents.

    So, it would have been correct, given the timeframe, for Fitts to have referred to Blue Book, not Grudge, the earlier preceding project that was shut down, as opposed to his mistaken reference to "Bluebird." Four years had passed since the work he did on the questionnaire when he sent his letter to Capt. Hardin in 1956, which may explain his erroneous reference to "Bluebird" rather than "Blue Book."

    See: http://bit.ly/dj9ajd from page 114 of Ruppelt's "The report on unidentified flying objects"
    (Cummings revelations to Cabell)

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  7. Part 3 of 3:

    "...from this period onward, the USAF does begin to become very hostile towrds witnesses. You can see this most clearly in the documents authored by Captain Gregory Alexander."

    Actually, the bias against honest, objective investigation of the UFO phenomenon began earlier, shortly after the Robertson Panel findings and recommendations, which set USAF and US government policy, in early 1953. This is one reason why Ruppelt left Project Blue Book--the fix, like with Grudge, was back in again, and the policy of denial, dismissal, and ridicule became the rule from then on, and Project Blue Book became a public relations scheme. Real investigations were no longer conducted by Blue Book.

    I also think you meant Captain George T. Gregory, who succeeded Capt. Hardin, as head of Blue Book, not "Gregory Alexander."


    Further references:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Blue_Book
    and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robertson_Panel
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Sign
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Grudge
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estimate_of_the_situation
    http://www.ufoscience.org/history/swords.pdf
    http://bit.ly/cufcb6

    Further evidence:
    http://bit.ly/d5dKCH of Fitts use of questionnaire data for his report to Blue Book.

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  8. Thank you again. These comments are all very helpful.

    By mid-1951, when Lt. Jerry Cummings was put in charge of Grudge, the project was basically moribund, and not investigating ufo reports, merely filing them away and Cummings superiors at ATIC were falling back on the old claims that the UFO phenomenon was solely based in misidentification, delusion, and hoax, not real or representative of any actual unknown phenomenon.


    Yes, and...interestingly, it is in this same time period that many successful "Air" intercepts occurred, via GCI groups, where the witnesses inside the "chase" planes were to confirm visually, what had been only tracked by RADAR. Though they were unsuccessful at actually "maintaing" constant visual contact, for various reasons ("had to circle around...had to speed up," etc.), the giant boomerang craft just happened to be one of these incidences.

    All going on during a "moribund" investigation into UFOs, of which these reports are in the Blue Book docs, now, showing that they were indeed keeping better track of what was happening than first thought, as per based on Ruppelt, etc.

    This is also going on at the same time we, like never before, employ experts in their fields to quietly push us toward a better understanding of, and application of, Solid State technologies/Digital technologies...for use toward an International, National Air Defense Program.

    These Air Defense experts were very aware of the "moribund" information being gathered at that time, under GRUDGE.

    Thanks again for these comments.

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  9. I do know someone who has memories, although very fragmented, of being at Battelle when they were a child. I have been searching for others who also might have participated in tests and experiments at Battelle as a child during the 50s, 60s or 70s.

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