Sunday, June 22, 2014

More on Deputy Director Edwin K. Wright

Note: to access CIA documents noted here, travel to their reading room, then type the document number in their search engine. The proper document should be called up. If the reading room is down, try again at a later time.



Over the last few years, the Central Intelligence Agency has been releasing Admiral Roscoe Hillenkoetter’s diary. It is, of course, retyped, and sanitized, that is, several different entries are redacted. It can also be ascertained by the manner in which it is being released that others within the Agency have used it for their own research before releasing it to us.

A few different pages have been found by this author only after reading through other material, where a few hitherto unreleased pages were found that the CIA writers had utilized as footnotes.

The first release appeared as covering January 1947, through October, 1947 [see: CIA-RDP80R01731R002700020002]. This author read it a number of times, and then made notations in the margins before sending it off to other researchers. One item notated was the date July 8, 1947. This happened to be when General Roger Ramey conducted the now famous balloon and target press conference, to negate further interest in the events relating to their so-called recovery of a “flying saucer.”

On that date (July 8) a Top Secret meeting of the Intelligence Advisory Committee, and the NSC took place at 0930, in Washington. Admiral Hillenkoetter, Director of the CIA, sat in the chair. He opened the meeting by apologizing on behalf of the Deputy Director, General Wright, who was away, and would not be attending. It appeared, from this release anyway, that he didn’t say where the DDCI was.

Later, while reading through several other released documents, one with a different nomenclature was noticed. Upon opening the file, this author noted that it was also a release of “Hilley’s” diary, covering some of the same dates, that is, it covered the time periods from January 1947, through November, 1947. There were differences between it, and the other release. For instance, the meeting on July the 8th isn’t detailed, but it does note that, on July the 4th, the Deputy Director left for the “west coast” at this time. So, obviously, that is where the Deputy was when Admiral Hillenkoetter made his apologies to the other members of his Intelligence community.

This is where this researcher began to wonder if it had anything to do with the fact that, as many UFO researchers are aware, the Army Air Forces were on the hunt for the “elusive” flying saucers, on the West Coast. One of the head Air Intelligence bases was located at Hamilton Field, Marin County, California. Could the Deputy Director have been dispatched to the West Coast because of the saucer problem?

As was noted in a previous post here, historically speaking, the Director (Hillenkoetter) is known to have had a great interest in the subject. So much so, that he joined Donald Keyhoe’s National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomenon (NICAP.) He sat on the board of Directors for quite some time. In 1960, long after the CIA attempted to persuade him to step down, by presumably showing him the “real” data on the flying discs (see the CIAs own documents regarding the UFO phenomenon for verification), he testified before Congress that he believed the subject should be brought out into the open.

Given the obvious interest shown by the former Director, it was postulated by this writer that the Deputy Director was his go-to guy for the UFO problem.

Now, there is more information gathered that might further accentuate the very notion.

This writer recently reviewed Kevin Randle’s latest offering, The Government UFO Files [The Government UFO Files , copyright 2014, By Kevin D. Randle, Visible Ink Press.]

In his book was a paragraph outlining General Wright’s connection to the Ghost Rocket phenomenon. I marveled at my lack of awareness that he had been mentioned regarding this phenomenon before, especially once I realized that he had been brought up before, by Professor Michael Swords, in his excellent book: UFOs And Government [UFOs And Government, copyright 2012, Michael Swords, and Robert Powell, Anomalist Books]

On page 21, Swords writes: “The United States concern went right to the top. On August 1, Assistant Director of Central Intelligence, Colonel Edwin K. Wright, sent a memorandum to President Truman…” This memo was reproduced on pages 22, and 23. It made a couple of interesting statements. Originally classified: Top Secret, it said, in part: “MEMORANDUM FOR THE PRESIDENT…On 19 July two such “rockets” were reported to have fallen in Norway. The Swedish and Norwegian Governments have now imposed a news blackout with respect to the subject.” It continued with a very provocative sentence: “…Although ten such missiles have fallen within Sweden, the Swedish General Staff has as yet been unable to reach firm conclusions on the basis of the fragments recovered.”

Of note to some UFO researchers would be the General Twining memo, where he affirms that no Unknown Object debris had ever been ‘recovered”, that would prove or disprove their existence. This Ghost Rocket document, penned by Deputy Director Wright, in 1946, would seem to not bare this out.

There had been debris recovered, and analyzed, as of 1946. Colonel Wright goes on the say he believes the intent, by the Russians, if it was the Russians, would be intimidation.

So, as it can be seen, Edwin Wright had a long established connection to Unknown Aerial Phenomena that went back at least as far as the Ghost Rockets. Not only that, he was Deputy Director then, just as he was Deputy Director, as a General, in 1947, under Roscoe Hillenkoetter. So, more than ever, the notion that he was “Hilley’s” Flying Saucer expert is a viable notion.

That being stated, readers should take another look at the fact that it was Hillenkoetter, Wright, and Vandenburg in charge during Roswell, and the Flying Saucer scare of 1947.

General Wright left the CIA in 1949. A letter, whose author is not noted, released by the CIA gives a picture of his service, and importance. [see: CIA-RDP80R01731R001300060082-6] dated 6 April, 1949, it states, in part, “Dear General Wright: I would like to tell you again how much we regretted to see you leave the Central Intelligence Agency. ..As Deputy to the Director of the Agency from its early days in 1946, you have had a momentous task to perform, and those of us who have had the pleasure of working closely with you during that time know full well how untiringly you devoted yourself to the solution of the countless problems forever confronting an organization as complicated as ours…All of us join in wishing you every success in your new assignment..”

Hillenkoetter’s diary had continued to be released, as insiders of the CIA finish looking at, and utilizing it. [see:Diary #2, which covers November 1947, through March, 1948]

Tuesday, October 29, 2013

Speculating About Roswell: A Work of Fiction

Speculating About Roswell: A Work of Fiction, By Bob Koford, 2013


Many years ago I began conducting my own research into certain individuals --such as our first Secretary of Defense, former Secretary of the Navy, James V. Forrestal. It was at this time that I had been exposed to a video taped interview with Astronaut, Gordon Cooper. He had been diagnosed with, I believe, Parkenson’s Disease, and wanted to get some things “off his chest.” During this interview, Cooper volunteered information regarding the crash of an apparent ET spacecraft in New Mexico, in 1947. A part of this information struck a chord with me, because of certain facts I had recently discovered during my own research into SECDEF Forrestal. With Cooper’s data, and my own, I began to see a bigger picture unfolding, and it is this picture I would like to now relate, as a fictional accounting of what might have happened:

The time frame for the crash that I will use will be the fourth of July weekend, 1947.

Once the Army recovered the material, both structural and biological, a special unit was utilized to begin research into the whole episode. Eventually, more groups formed, such as the special Biological and Behavioral Sciences (BBS) group within a Naval Astronautics Committee. This group was then turned over to the Marine Corps. They conducted much of their research in Hawaii.

During this period of July, 1947, newly created National Security groups like the State War Navy Coordinating Committee (SWNCC) and the State War Navy Air group (SANA) began to feverishly draw up Psychological Warfare plans to control the ideological processes of the people of the United States. Presumably, this was due to the information surrounding the arrival of Non Terrestrial beings.

Also on the table were several, continually revised War Plans. At this time period, War Plan: HalfMoon seems to be the most crucial. In this plan, it was stipulated that we must, at all cost, gain control of the newly discovered oil fields of Saudi Arabia, before the Russians (Soviet Communists) could. If World War Three was going to erupt, then we needed to deplete outside sources first, before we touched any of our own. This is where the policy was formed that caused our reliance on “foreign” oil.

The problem was, the Saudis did not trust us. For one thing, we were favoring the creation of an official state of Israel, and the partition of Palestine. Both of these issues were extremely hot, and seemed to dictate a presumed failure in establishing a Saudi oil connection.

As Secretary Forrestal was having a very, very rough time with the assignment, from President Truman, of overseeing the unification of the military establishment, he saw an opportunity for a potentially fruitful endeavor. He seized on the moment, and, with a cadre of helpers, he went over to Saudi Arabia to negotiate a deal. As part of his bargaining chip, he secretly acquired some of the “Roswell Material.”
This, it was hoped, would be enough to convince the Saudis of the importance of the U.S. control of the oil. Not only would it help us, we would also pledge to assist the Saudis in creating, maintaining and financing the oil production facilities that would be needed.

Apparently it worked. Before the meeting the Saudis mistrusted us, after the meeting, the CIA, Oil Companies and the Bankers were all allowed to begin operating in the region.

The samples were eventually taken to the Kuwaiti Museum, to be stored in a special vault, in its basement. The Saudis swore secrecy in the matter.

At some point, the truth begins to leak out to certain other Washington\National Security insiders. The whole story isn’t known, but enough to put Secretary Forrestal on the “hot seat.” Air Force Secretary Symington, and Lyndon Johnson had become two of Forrestal’s most vocal opponents -at this time.

As 1948 begins to wind down, and 1949 looms closer, it is noted by many in the Washington scene that Forrestal is deeply troubled. He complains to close associates that he is being followed, and harassed by Jews and Communists. Although accused of being “anti-Semitic” by some, he was anything but. It seems obvious now that the reference to “Jews” was actually to those who knew about his deal with the Arabs, and wanted more information.

The night of the award ceremony for Forrestal, before his actual replacement by a new Secretary, it has been reported, by Forrestal’s personal aide, that Secretary Symington got in the staff car, alone with Forrestal, and they had heated words. Forrestal could not be found, after that, for quite some time. He was later found at his old office, sitting in a chair…coat still on, and hat in hand. He was staring at a blank wall.

Forrestal was later admitted to Bethesda Naval Hospital, diagnosed with severe depression and extreme paranoia. Just before he was to be released, he apparently committed suicide, though many have speculated that he was murdered.

In retaliation for this deed, certain other individuals in the military decided to out the Roswell information, as well as information about another landing that occurred in Mexico. One of these “leakers” was, apparently, Deputy Commander at Ft. Bliss, General Robert B. Coulter. He passed on information to individuals who, in turn, passed on some of this information to a Science Fiction author named Wilkie Conner, who published it in a Science Fiction Fanzine -edited and Produced by Authur Rapp. Two newspapers prepared to publish the material a week later, after deciding to change names, such as Coulters, to protect him. The National Security Council got wind of this plan, and agreed to "publish" National Security Council Intelligence Directives 11, and 12 on the day the newspaper stories were due to emerge. These Directives forbade the publishing of any material, whether they were deemed fictional or factual, that had anything to do with Intelligence matters.

Threats were made, and names were changed again, to further distance General Coulter from the story.

On January 6, 1950, the Wyandotte Echo published its information, altered, and it caused a sensation. The information was further developed, and published by Frank Scully in has 1950’s book, Inside the Flying Saucers. By now, Deputy Commander Coulter’s name was replaced with others.

The hard feelings over what happened to Secretary Forrestal continued over the years, through leaks mostly conducted by Navy personnel, such as Commander Robert McLaughlin, and others. In McLaughlin’s case, it was the Army that rushed to White Sands to reprimand him for “talking” out of turn. The Army PIO at the time told Commander McLaughlin that the Army still considered the topic a secret, and he was not to discuss it.

Over time, most in the military were taken on board the cover-up train, and we have very few “leaks” anymore. But when I heard Gordon Cooper claim that, “we turned over some of the Roswell Material to the Arabs” that day, all the bells and whistles, in my head, went off at the same time. It answered all the questions I had. Funny thing is, of all the publications, the "tabloid" the National Inquirer was the only newspaper to cover Cooper's new information...that is, everything but the "Arab" info.

Then, we went to war in the Gulf. The dictator in Iraq had invaded Kuwait. I had heard that one of the first places he went to was the Kuwaiti Museum...go figure.

Saturday, August 24, 2013

The Magician's Secret

How does magic work? How is it that a magician can make you see something that isn’t real?

Master magicians are masters at controlling attention.

Take the disappearing quarter trick. Here’s how it works:

The magician shows you a quarter, perched between their thumb and the pointer finger. They must make sure you see the quarter, so they go out of their way to display it to you. Once they have you concentrating on the quarter, in whichever hand they are holding it (lets say it’s in their left hand) they now keep it in display while they pass their right hand over it, temporarily blocking your view, which peaks your interest, causing you to focus more intensely on the left hand, which is holding the quarter. They may even add a verbal cue, such as, “now concentrate on the quarter.”

Now the magician appears to grab the quarter out of their left hand, with their right hand, with a slow, deliberate motion. While the fingers close over, and around the quarter, in fact while it is covered, being shielded from your view, they let the quarter drop into the palm of their left hand. It is important at this point for the magician to finish closing the fingers of their right hand around the space wherein the quarter used to reside –between the thumb and pointer finger of their left hand.

With the quarter now resting in the palm of the magician’s left hand, they must now “palm” the quarter. This is a trick using the muscles of the palm to pinch the quarter in place. While this is done, and the magician’s right hand completes the motion of grabbing the now missing quarter, the two hands deliberately move apart, with the left hand, quarter successfully “palmed,” now dropping gently to the magician’s side.

The right hand is a closed fist, with the quarter appearing to be held within it. It is displayed in place of the left hand, and the magician now makes sure you are concentrating on it, instead of the left hand, which is dangling at their side, “palming” the quarter. At this point, a new prop could be brought into the illusion, such as a brown paper bag. The magician might pick up the bag with the left hand, quarter still being “palmed” in it.

The magician would then very deliberately open the right hand, so that you can see the quarter is gone. Then, with a fanciful wave of the hand, the magician might throw the invisible quarter into the air. Then, with the left hand, which is still “palming” the quarter, and also now holding the open brown paper bag, the magician might then catch the invisible quarter, in the bag. This is accomplished by snapping the fingers (of the left hand) hard against the bag, adding an auditory illusion of the quarter landing in the bag with a thud. The magician simultaneously allows the quarter to slip into the bag, with the snap.

Now the magician can reach into the bag, with their right hand, and…TADA…there’s the quarter.

Now you know.

Monday, August 12, 2013

Saturday, August 3, 2013

A Three Legged Stool

Leg One: At the end of WWII, the United States began an unprecedented cut back in military spending. No other country in history had instigated such a drastic reduction, in such a short period of time. Those in charge of the new Intelligence apparatus that appeared along side the National Security Establishment, along with the Secretary of Defense, and others, viewed this move as extremely dangerous. They saw problems looming for Korea, and sought some type of compromise. According to Secretary Forrestal, as recorded in his diary:

(Bob note: missing quote added. My apologies for error)

"To Charles Thomas, 24 February 1947

As you know, I never object to scrutiny if it is objective, factual and conducted by intelligent people. Nor do I question the methods of those Republicans in the House and Senate who think we ought to have a cut. God knows I am fully aware of the terrific task which this country faces if it is to keep a free economy and free society. But the next eighteen months look to me to be about the most critical that this country has ever faced, and to deny Marshall the cards to play, when the stakes are as high as they are, would be a grave decision."


and,

“24 February 1947…At lunch the President recited certain figures about the budget and expenditures. He said that the budget scheduled to go to conference for fiscal 1945-46 prior to the end of the German war, totaled 106 billion. He said that after VE-Day and subsequent to VJ-Day, recissions were effected totaling 40 billion. Actual spendings in 1945-46 were 62 billion. For 1946-47 they were 41 billion and for 1947-48, his present project, they would be 32 billion. He said that there had never been in the history of any country such sharp and drastic cutbacks from conditions of war. His objective, he stated, was to reach a postwar budget between 25 and 30 billion but that this would have to be accomplished gradually and not by disorderly and drastic measures.”

Leg Two: The National Security Establishment created the SANAC (State Army Navy Air Committee), which birthed several versions of psychological warfare ideas. The PSYOPS programs envisioned were designed with the citizens of the United States in mind. Deputy Director of the CIG/CIA, Brigadier General Edwin Kennedy Wright seemed to take the lead in promoting these programs. During the early National Intelligence Authority meetings, which included meetings of the Intelligence Advisory Board, plans such as NIA 304 and its revisions began this process, and it evolved greatly, as can be seen in the several documents available from the Central Intelligence Agency’s CREST declassification library. For example:

“MEMORANDUM FOR THE DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE:

Subject: Immediate Psychological Measures to attain U. S. National Objectives.

Reference: a. SANA 5781 dated 24 October 1947
b. SANACC 304/10 dated 3 November 1947

…3. I was briefed on the background of this subject by [name redacted] whose alternate I have been on the SANACC Subcommittee on Special Studies and Evaluations. General Wright gave me specific instructions as to your point of view, particularly that whatever agency be set up in furtherance of U.S. national objectives through immediate psychological measures should be organized within the framework of the National Security Council. General Wright further stated that any specific reference to the conduct of black propaganda by the CIA should be omitted from any committee report or recommendations, since this function is being allocated to the CIA by a pending NSC directive, in implementation of the generic provisions of an existing public law.”


Leg Three: Certainly, in our modern times, the “Flying Saucer” story began before the end of WWII, with the rise of the Foo Fighters (not the band). Yet the main thrust of the mystery began in May and June of 1947, as is shown to be the case in the available documents, pertaining to the military’s Flying Object investigation. This unfolded with a combination of several serious sightings made by military pilots, and air personnel, which included civilian airline pilots as well.

A valid question one might ask here would be, how much of this part of the story was authentic, as opposed to how much was PSYOPS. Could it be that, at least in part, the Flying Saucer “scare” was created to help provide an excuse to raise the limit imposed on military spending? Was part of it that something which would fuel concern, and raise the bar a few notches?

The war in Korea supplied the final straw, so-to-speak, and the rest is history, as they say.

Thursday, August 1, 2013

A Note on Angleton

This quote from: Cold Warrior; James Jesus Angleton: The CIA’s Master Spy Hunter, by Tom Mangold (cr 1991 Published by Simon & Schuster)

Pages 43-44

“He disappointed his father by firmly rejecting the prospect of a partnership in the revival of National Cash Register in Italy. He certainly jeopardized his marriage to Cicely (who had remained in the United States) by volunteering to stay in Europe after the Allied victory in May 1945. Instead, promoted to captain in September, he stayed on for another two full years, consumed by work, apparently disinterested in the world outside counterintelligence. He remained stubbornly impervious to any emotional pull from his wife and seemed unaware that he faced the very real risk of losing Cicely. On top of that, he was now a father—Cicely had given birth to their first child, a son, James Charles, in August 1944. The first time Jim and Cicely Angleton were reunited was fifteen months later, in November 1945, when he was recalled to OSS headquarters in Washington for a two-week consultation…the couple had become casualties of the protracted separation. ‘We just didn’t know each other any more,' says Cicely. He was all caught up in his career …Angleton had no rapport with his baby son …He didn’t want a family …so she (Cicely) returned to Tucson, and a few months later initiated divorce proceedings against her husband on grounds of desertion.

In 1947, Angleton suddenly resumed communications with his wife… In January 1948, he was stateside again for a reconciliation with Cicely. ‘we got back together…but he was a nervous wreck’... ”

Thursday, July 25, 2013

Hillenkoetter, Wright and Bush; Elaborating on a Previous Post


For good, or ill, I have been paying attention to the on-going debate over the pros, and cons of the accumulated data regarding Roswell. It is my opinion that if whatever came down North of Roswell, New Mexico, in July of 1947 was exotic -- in any way- these certain individuals would have been involved:

1. Rear Admiral Roscoe Hillenkoetter (DCIA) –joined NICAP to counter Watson?
  2. General Harold Watson (then a Colonel at Wright Field, handled Air Accidents) -became a UFO debunker for Air Force for many years while leading Project GRUDGE

3. H. McCoy (Aviation Specialist, head of Intel at Wright) –died mysteriously in a solo B-25 accident—he was one of the most accomplished pilots ever to fly for the AF

4. General Hoyt Vandenberg (former DCI) –handled the Roswell incident with General Ramey (and Hillenkoetter?)

5. James Forrestal (SECDEF) – had testified before the NSC with Hillenkoetter about their worries regarding unwarranted power; died in 1949 under suspicious circumstances

Please note previous posts, here, as well as:

http://www.nicap.org/roswelldir.htm

http://www.project1947.com/roswell/8thaaf.htm

--and-
http://www.v-j-enterprises.com/jbond.html

http://roswellproof.homestead.com/
 
I have mentioned Watson on this blog before and there are some interesting things regarding McCoy that I will bring up in a follow up post. Vandenberg’s importance might be related with his former position as DCI, and his connection can be viewed by beginning here.

The Roswell affair occurred during Roscoe Hillenkoetter’s tenure as Director, CIA

We know that Admiral Hillenkoetter spent many years with Donald Keyhoe’s NICAP. He had joined some time after serving as Director of Central Intelligence. Over the years, “The Admiral” would help shape Major Keyhoe’s opinions about how the Air Force was mishandling the Saucer Program, and how the “government” needed to be more open about the UFO Problem with the citizenry.

In this way, Admiral Hillenkoetter was simply displaying the same disdain he had over excess of power and secrecy that he had felt from the beginning, when, early in his tenure as Director, at a high level Intelligence meeting, he voiced his concern, along with Navy Secretary Forrestal, over having been given too much power.

Sometime in the early 1950’s certain well placed individuals in the CIA communicated about their strong desire to get the former CIA Director to leave NICAP. At the time, the CIA was—hotly--debating what to leave in the sanitized version of Project: Blue Book Special Report #14, which was being released to the general public.

Both Keyhoe and Leon Davidson are mentioned, throughout the CIA material, as being intensely troublesome. Most of what is said is along the lines of, “what are we going to do about these guys?”

What certain CIA individuals decided to do was to show Admiral Hillenkoetter the “secret” parts of the report, thinking that in so doing, he would surely agree to step down from his NICAP Board of Directors position. There is no reason to believe that they did not follow through with this plan. Yet, as late as 1960, “Hilley” was still not on their page, and even went so far as to testify before Congress about the seriousness of the UFO problem. This is where the now famous “through secrecy and ridicule…” sentence was first voiced, and is so often quoted.

So, what are we to make of the fact that Hillenkoetter did not react the way the CIA guys thought he would, or should have, when he was shown “the truth.”

In all those years, whatever the CIA thought the former Director did or didn’t know about the “real” UFO problem, it was obvious that he either already knew, or knew more than he was being shown. He didn’t step down. A good ten or more years later, as mentioned, he was testifying before Congress. Could it be that no matter what the CIA boys showed “Hilley” it would have bored him to tears?

Rear Admiral Hillenkoetter wasn’t the only Navy man to but heads with the UFO crowd, over the years. There have been several others (Commander McLauglin, etc.)

Soon after “Hilley”s speech, in 1960, he did step down from his position at NICAP, and quietly disappeared from the scene, telling Keyhoe that he thought the Air Force was doing the best job it could under the circumstances. This was a very different point of view than the one he had been expressing up to this point. One could only imagine what transpired to make him “back down.”

Serving as DCI Hillenkoetter’s Deputy Director was Brigadier General Edwin K. Wright. He was definitely Hilley’s right-hand-man. Anyone with even a moniker of knowledge of UFOs knows that Hillenkoetter was in the know on the subject of Flying Disks, and Unknown Aerial Phenomena. Would it be so far fetched to wonder if his Deputy was also so inclined? If his boss was that much into the subject, why wouldn’t he also be into it? After all, the most common reason for the position of Deputy Director is so he can be the go guy. He’s the guy that actually goes out and accomplishes things. The Director nods, but the Deputy gets his hands dirty.

The short answer, so far, as to whether or not DDIR Wright was involved in the flying disk story is open ended. By the time Korea becomes the issue, General Wright becomes another high-level person’s right-hand-man: General Douglas MacArthur.

One item to check is the exact time frame for the famous “the next war will be…Interplanetary…” quote, attributed to General MacArthur. I have heard it referenced so many times now. I have never personally heard of anyone that could give a cogent reason for his remark. I can only wonder if it was because of General Wright, if he really made it at all.

As Far as Wright is concerned, it is my focus at this time. I will report what I find. As for Vannevar Bush, much has been written about him but I must see who he was connected with.

We know from the Wilbert Smith era of UFOlogy that Dr. Vannevar Bush was said to have been the head of a secret Flying Saucer study group. He met with Hillenkoetter’s Intelligence apparatus on July 8, 1947, the same day that the famous Press Conference was to take place in Ramey’s office. There were all sorts of meetings taking place that day. One dealt with finalizing the whereabouts of one copy of National Intelligence Authority Memo #5, which outlined the responsibilities of the DCI, and more. Somehow someone came to think one copy was in the wrong hands. This question of breaking coverage actually was called on July 3. A few agencies answered immediately, but many more all answered on July 8, 1947.

July 3 would have been right-smack-dab in the middle of the Roswell affair. Did the DCI (Hillenkoetter) pass along some info, ala Roswell, and the CIG to Keyhoe, and the NIA5 leak scare was a part of this? I’m obviously reaching here, but it is worthy of thought.